Howto13r3:Step-by-Step Media Relay connection for third party phone
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This article defines the recommended configuration to connect third party phones also via network boundaries. The configuration ensures media connectivity and compatibility to WebRTC without relying on ICE and DTLS on the phone.
A common problem is that third-party SIP phones do not support ICE or DTLS protocols. As a result audio connections across NAT boundaries are often a challenge. To solve this problem, you can enable Media Relay, but the Media Relay endpoint address must be a public IP address so that the external SIP phone can send its audio to this address.
Furthermore, WebRTC endpoints require ICE and DTLS to establish an audio connection. Since not all SIP phones support these features, enabling Media Relay for these 3rd party phones solves this issue.
- Send Audio traffic across NAT boundaries without using the ICE mechanism.
- The firmware has to be at least 13r3
- innovaphone PBX
- 3rd party SIP phone
- TURN Server
- External endpoints must be connected via the innovaphone Reverse Proxy
Things to know before you begin
- The public IP address of the network (External IP of the Firewall or NAT Router)
- You must have access to the firewall or NAT router to be able to configure port forwardings
- You could route the RTP directly to the PBX, without using a TURN server. This is not recommended as it would allow attacks on your PBX.
In this scenario, we are going to configure the above picture to allow an external third party SIP device to send its audio to an internal destination. This Wiki article does not explain how to register a SIP phone to an innovaphone PBX via a reverse proxy. If you need help to accomplish this, please read the instructions in our Advanced Training Part 2 materials.
Please register your SIP device to your PBX via the reverse proxy.
Configuration on the User Object
Please set the option Media Relay on the hardware ID of the user object on which your SIP device is registered. Do not set the Media Relay option globally in the PBX (PBX/Config/General)! This option is no longer required as you can enable Media Relay for each hardware ID individually.
Configuration of the PBX
Under PBX/Config/General of your Advanced UI you will find a configuration option called Media Relay Endpoints. Leave the Firewall public IP configuration empty, as this option is only necessary if you would route the traffic directly to the PBX. As mentioned above, this is not recommended. Instead, use a TURN server that you would use for your myApps client anyway.
To enable the use of a TURN server you must to activate the checkbox right next to the Media Relay Endpoints configuration. This option allows the PBX to send the TURN server IP address as the "connection address" in the SDP for all devices that are registered via the reverse proxy and use Media Relay. (see first step)
In order to send the correct (public) IP address, you need to configure the option TURN Public Address in your TURN server settings(IP4/NAT/General).
RTP Range Configuration
If you want to restrict connections to a specific port range, you can create an RTP port range on your TURN server. Keep in mind that this range will be used for every call from any device that is using this TURN server. This applies to both internal and external devices, so you should not restrict the number of ports too much. The RTP port range is configured on IP4/General/Settings of your TURN server. Set the First UDP-RTP Port and then the Number of Ports.
You need to create port forwardings on your firewall. A port forwarding for your RTP/UDP ports must be configured towards the TURN server. E.g If you configured a RTP port Range 16384 to 32767, a port forwarding for those exact ports have to be configured on your firewall.
Please call any extension number in your PBX. You should be able to hear and talk to the other party on the call.
Calling a Voicemail has no audio, while calling a conference there is no audio after the PIN is dialed.
Currently Video relay it's not supported with this setup, only Audio relay.